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summaries:jonin [2013/04/10 11:03]
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summaries:jonin [2014/01/27 17:42] (Version actuelle)
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 +====== Michel Jonin, From the Purity of Faith to the Purity of Blood. The Orthodox Ambiguities of a Proconverso Plea ======
 +###
  
 +This article examines two contradictory discourses about heredity as a
 +reason for exclusion of new Christians in 15th century Castilla, two views
 +which have certainly been regarded as contradictory in too categoric a
 +manner.The Toledan Sentencia-Estatuto (1449), proclaimed against the conversos, bears witness to the emergence of ‘protoracialist’ social discrimination. However, this text, which belongs to the prehistory of the limpieza
 +de sangre legislation of the 16th and 17th centuries, is briefly put into perspective in order to emphasise its essentially pragmatic nature. The myth
 +of pure blood is absent. The Defensorium Unitatis Christianae of convert
 +Alonso de Cartagena, on the other hand, argues for the assimilation of the
 +conversos and strongly condemns the assumptions of the Sentencia-Estatuto
 +in the name of Christian universalism. However, there is another, nega-
 +tive side to this liberal logic: a view entailing absolute rejection conducive to stereotyping of others, and, as a corollary, to the development of the metaphorical notion of inherited contamination.The strained preoccupation with the uniqueness of the Christian community, perceived as
 +absolutely pure, which characterises Christian discourse in later medieval Spain may be responsible for the emergence of a reflex of general suspicion against the ‘other’,​ identified consequently as naturally different.
 +###